The Reasons Waste Water Treatment and Recycling is Essential
Everyone on the planet generates waste water and an average of 379 litres of water is used per person per day of which around 73 percent of the population is connected to a municipal centralized wastewater collection and treatment system, and around 27% make use of septic tanks. Once people have made use of the water it becomes sewage. Sewage before returning to the environment has to be cleaned and treated for re-use.
All wastewater is recycled in one way or another. Many people especially in third world countries believe that wastewater just disappears after usage. People often assume that when they dispose of water they also dispose the hazards and contamination related to water that has been used. In today’s times it has been well noted that waste water treatment is critical in order to supply safe drinking water for the present usage and future usage.
Clearing Out All the Unwanted Waste Materials
People need to understand what contaminates are in sewage water, and what illnesses and problems this may cause, as well as the process required to clean the water for recycling. Sewage water contains pathogens as well as nutrients such as solids, disinfectants, hazardous substances, phosphorus and nitrogen’s. It is obvious that sewage water needs to be purified and treated before recycling in order to protect the environment and humans.
There are still people in government and municipalities that do not raise concern with regards to treating wastewater, only until nitrates and bacteria end up in their drinking water and disease breaks out such as typhoid fever or cholera. Nowadays before you sell a home or apartment or can obtain a building permit, one is required to have a sewage upgrade or septic inspection. Water that is contaminated usually smells bad and also turns green, especially during the summer.
Waste Problems Affect Everybody in the Area
If there is a sewage problem encountered by one homeowner, then other surrounding the property will also experience the same problem. When a sewage problem is experienced, most people do not talk about the problem to their surrounding neighbours as this may result in an enforcement action. When living in large communities, people living in these communities should take responsibility for the sewage generated in their community.
Good community health means that wastewater is delivered to a good waste water treatment facility, and also makes sure that the facility is well maintained and properly managed. The key objective to sewage treatment is that is allows industrial and human effluents to be disposed of with and hazardous health or unacceptable damage to the eco systems and environment. As a slow rate land treatment, irrigation with wastewater is a way of both utilization as well as disposal, which is an effective method of disposing wastewater.
Even Waste Water Has It’s Uses
Some form of treatment solution needs to be provided to raw municipal sewage before it can be utilized for aquaculture, landscape irrigation or agriculture. The operation and performance of wastewater will depend on the quality of treated sewage used in agriculture with regards to aquaculture or soil plant systems. When it comes to irrigation, the quality of the sewage waste will depend on the crops than need to be irrigated and the system of effluent distribution and the soil conditions adopted.
The selection of irrigations systems and crop restrictions should minimize health hazards by making use of adequate and effective sewage treatment solutions. The most effective treatment solution for the use in agriculture should meet with the recommended chemical and microbiological guidelines of which is affordable and that requires minimal maintenance and operational requirements, especially in developing countries such as South Africa. Such systems can be difficult to operate and required skilled people to run them efficiently.
An Effective Solution for Waste Water Treatment
As opposed to an advanced treatment process, a low grade effluent system that meets with the necessary standards is by far a better option. However, in certain locations a high grade waste water treatment may be necessary, whereby the design of the plant needs to limit environmental pollution and reduce suspended and organic solids. Pathogen removal has become a primary concern for re usable water in agriculture and process should be chosen and designed carefully and according to needs.
Treatment solutions that are harmful or toxic to fish, crops and aquatic plants are not an economically feasible option.